A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 
Ruggiero Leoncavallo
1858 - 1919
R. Leoncavallo
Ruggiero Leoncavallo (08/03/1858 - 09/08/1919), an Italian composer and librettist, from Naples. Important representative of the verismo movement in Italian opera. Some composers are known for their enormous output in a single genre (Schubert and his songs, for instance) and some are known for their creations in many genres (Mozart is a good example). There are a few composers, however, who have attained great fame on the basis of a single work. Such is the case of Ruggero Leoncavallo and his short opera, Pagliacci. Leoncavallo received his musical education at the conservatory of his native Naples, going from there to Bologna where he received a degree in literature. His first opera, I Medici, was written as the first of a Renaissance trilogy, but it was rejected by his publisher and failed when it finally was staged. His next attempt was Pagliacci, for which he wrote both the libretto and the music. The plot came from a real event—a murder investigated by his father, a police magistrate. This realistic backdrop (one of the important components of the verismo style) sets the stage for a compelling and shocking story of a murder committed in front of an audience as part of a commedia dell'arte play. The music is equally compelling, and the protagonist's aria Vesti la giubba has become one of the most popular tenor arias. Leoncavallo wrote a few moderately successful operas (including a setting of La bohème, written close on the heels of Puccini's), but his fame rests with this one rather short work, which is most often performed paired with another work by a single-hit operatic composer, Pietro Mascagni's Cavalleria rusticana (1890).
Works: 10 operas, including Pagliacci (The Clowns, 1892), I Medici (1893), La bohème (1897), and Zazà (1900). Other vocal works, including 10 operettas (in French, Italian, and English); songs and choruses, including a Requiem. Orchestral works, including a symphonic poem and a ballet Piano works, including short character pieces and dances.
Composed in:1900
Duration:ca. 50'
In memory of:King Umberto I
Label(s):Musica con Spirito 21001
Requiem in memory of King Umberto I of Italy (1900). Reconstructed by Jozsef Ács, for string-orchestra, organ, clarinet, choir, STB.
Umberto I or Humbert I of Italy (Umberto Ranieri Carlo Emanuele Giovanni Maria Ferdinando Eugenio of Savoy), (14 March 1844 - 29 July 1900) was the King of Italy from 9 January 1878 until his death. He was deeply loathed in left-wing circles, especially among anarchists, because of his hard-line conservatism and support of the Bava Beccaris massacre in Milan. He was killed by anarchist Gaetano Bresci one year after the incident. He was the only modern King of Italy to be assassinated.
King Umberto I