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José Mauricio Nunes Garcia
1767 - 1830
Brazil
Picture
J.M. Nunes Garcia
José Nunes Garcia (22/09/1767 - 18/04/1830), a Brazilian composer.
Author:Steven Chang-Lin Yu
José Nunes Garcia wrote 12 works and pieces of funeral music. His most famous work is the Missa de requiem of 1816.
Libera me
Period:Classicism
Composed in:1799
Musical form:motet
Text/libretto:Latin
Missa de requiem
Period:Classicism
Composed in:1799
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
This requiem contains:
01. Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine
02. Dies irae
03. Sanctus
04. Lux aeternam luceat eis
05. Requiem aeternam dona eis domine
Ofício dos defuntos
Period:Classicism
Composed in:1799
Musical form:officium
Text/libretto:daily prayers, psalms, hymns, lectures, etc.
This officium contains:
01. Regem cui omnia vivunt
02. Credo quod redemptor meus vivit
03. Qui Lazarum ressuscitatis
04. Domine quando veneris judicare terram
05. Memento mei Deus
06. Hei mihi Domine quia peccavis
07. Quem dicunt homines
08. Peccantem me quotidiae
09. Domine secundum actum meum
10. Libera me Domine de morte aeterna
11. Kyrie-Requiescat in pace
12. Missa de requiem (see 1799)
Ofício dos defuntos
Period:Early Romanticism
Musical form:officium
Text/libretto:daily prayers, psalms, hymns, lectures, etc.
This officium contains:
01. Credo quod redemptor meus vivit
02. Qui Lazarum ressuscitatis
03. Domine quando veneris judicare terram
04. Memento mei Deus
05. Hei mihi Domine quia peccavis
06. Ne recorderis peccata mea
07. Peccantem me quotidiae
08. Domine secundum actum meum
09. Libera me Domine de morte aeterna
Regem cui omnia vivunt
Period:Early Romanticism
Musical form:motet
Text/libretto:Latin
Libera me in G minor
Period:Early Romanticism
Musical form:motet
Text/libretto:Latin
Libera me in G minor contains:
01. Libera me Domine
02. Dies illa, Dies irae
03. Kyrie-Requiescat in pace
Memento mei Deus
Period:Early Romanticism
Musical form:motet
Text/libretto:Latin
Memento mei Deus contains:
01. Memento mei Deus
02. De profundis clamavi
03. Kyrie-Requiescat in pace
Missa de requiem in F major
Period:Early Romanticism
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
This requiem contains:
01. Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine
02. Kyrie
03. Dies irae, Dies illa
04. Sanctus
05. Agnus Dei
06. Lux aeterna luceat eis Domine
Ofício fúnebre a 8 vozes
Period:Early Romanticism
Musical form:officium
Text/libretto:daily prayers, psalms, hymns, lectures, etc.
This Funeral office for 8 voices, contains:
01. Credo quod redemptor meus vivit
02. Qui Lazarum ressuscitatis
03. Dominum quando veneris
04. Memento mei Deus
05. Hei mihi Domine
06. Ne recorderis peccata mea
07. Peccantem me quotidiae
08. Domine secundum actum meum
09. Libera me Domine
10. Tremens factus sum ego
11. Kyrie
Responsórios fúnebres
Period:Early Romanticism
Musical form:responsory
Text/libretto:Latin
This Funeral responsories contains:
01. Credo quod redemptor meus vivit
02. Qui Lazarum ressuscitatis
03. Dominum quando veneris
04. Memento mei Deus
05. Hei mihi Domine
06. Ne recorderis peccata mea
07. Peccantem me quotidiae
08. Domine secundum actum meum
09. Libera me Domine
Missa de requiem
Period:Early Romanticism
Composed in:1809
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
This requiem contains:
01. Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine
02. Kyrie
03. Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine
04. Domine Jesu Christe
05. Quam olim Abrahae
06. Hostias et preces
07. Sanctus
08. Agnus Dei
Missa de requiem
Period:Early Romanticism
Composed in:1816
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
Duration:36'23''
In memory of:commissioned by the Portuguese King Dom Joao VI in the memory of Queen Maria I and probably the composer's mother
Label(s):Sony 19075862152
Paulus
Columbia (LP)
This requiem contains:
01. Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine
02. Kyrie
03. Dies irae
04. Ingemisco tamquam reus
05. Domine Jesu Christe
06. Sanctus
07. Benedictus
08. Agnus Dei
09. Lux aeterna


♫ 02. Kyrie
© Sony 19075862152
In 1816 the Brazilian composer José Maurício Nunes Garcia completed his imposing fourth (and last) requiem; it is widely regarded as his finest work.
Author:Steven Chang-Lin Yu
The Requiem, composed in 1816 at the request of King João IV, was intended as a memorial for João's recently deceased mother, queen Maria I, but Garcia probably also considered it a requiem for his own mother, Vitória Maria da Cruz, who had also died that year. The Requiem is in d minor, the same key as Mozart's Requiem, and is reminiscent of that work in several passages. As a whole, however, Garcia's Requiem is a unique masterpiece.
In March 20th died coincidently the portuguese queen, Dona Maria the first, and Vitória Maria, José Mauricio Nunes Garcia's mother. The queen's death, in the Convent of Carmo, turned the city into mourn. The funeral carriage passed through many streets to the burial in the Convent of Ajuda. The people followed the carriage in silence. Her funeral was celebrated solemnly in the Royal Chapel, with a Requiem mass and an Officium for the dead composed and conducted by Marcos Portugal.
It is not known where Nunes Garcia's mother Vitória Maria was buried. But the sorrow of her son would be revealed in his Missa de requiem - Requiem mass and in the Ofício dos defuntos - Officium for the dead, requested by the Ordem Terceira do Carmo to their funeral mass in the memory of the queen. These are regarded today as his two masterpieces.