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Wenceslas Pichl
1741 - 1805
Czech Republic
W. Pichl
Wenceslas [Vaclav or Wenzel] Pichl (25/09/1741 - 23/01/1805), a classical Czech composer, violinist, music director and writer. Pichl was born at Bechyně, Bohemia. His first musical training was at Bechyne with the cantor Jan Pokornę. He served as a singer between the years 1752-1758 at the Jesuit college at Březnice. In Prague, he was a violinist at the Jesuit seminary of Saint Wenceslaus and his studies while at the university were philosophy, theology and law. He was appointed to the post of first violinist of the Tęn Church in 1762 and studied counterpoint with the organist J. N. Seger. In 1765 he was engaged by the composer Karl Ditters von Dittersdorf as a violinist for the private orchestra of Bishop Adam Patachich at Nagyvarad (now Oradea, Romania). The orchestra was dissolved in 1769 and Pichl became the music director for Count Ludwig Hartig in Prague. In about 1770 he became first violinist of the Vienna court theatre and on the recommendation of the Empress Maria Theresa, he became music director for the Austrian governor of Lombardy at Milan, Archduke Ferdinand d'Este. Pichl went to Italy in 1777 and remained there until 1796 when the French invaded Lombardy, he then returned to Vienna where he stayed in the service of the archduke until his death (apart from a brief visit to Prague in 1802). Wenzel Pichl died at Vienna, Austria, on 23 January 1805, as the result of a stroke while playing a violin concerto at the Palais Lobkowitz. He was 63 years old.
Vaclav [Wenceslas] Pichl (1741 - 1805), who is remembered for his concerto for the double-bass, and occasionally for some solo violin pieces, died suddenly while performing a violin concerto at Prince Lobkiwitz’s palace. Was it a critical colleague, an irate employer or a higher authority? Bear in mind, it was immediately after the French Revolution!
Messa da Requiem
Musical form:mass
Text/libretto:Latin mass
No details available.
Source:Dagny Wegner, Requiemvertonungen in Frankreich zwischen 1670 und 1850, Hamburg, 2005
Dies irae
Musical form:motet
Text/libretto:Thomas de Celano
Dies irae called "Solemn Dies irae".
Source:Dagny Wegner, Requiemvertonungen in Frankreich zwischen 1670 und 1850, Hamburg, 2005