Peter Schat
1935 - 2003
The Netherlands
P.A. Schat
Peter Ane [Peter] Schat (05/06/1935 - 03/02/2003), a Dutch composer, born in Utrecht. Schat studied composition with Kees van Baaren at the conservatories in Utrecht and The Hague from 1952 until 1958, and then went on to study in London with Mátyás Seiber in 1959 and with Pierre Boulez in Basle in 1960–61. His early training with van Baaren and Seiber disposed him toward twelve-tone technique, and his earliest compositions, such as the Introductie en adagio in oude stijl (1954) and the Septet (1957), combine traditional forms with dodecaphony. Boulez, however, led him to a more radical, strict form of serialism, and he was regarded in the Netherlands as one of the outstanding representatives of the avant garde (Groot 2001). While still a student he created his opus 1, Passacaglia and Fugue for organ (1954), and Septet (1957). In 1957 he also won the Gaudeamus International Composers Award. In the late sixties Schat became associated with the radical student movement, and was involved in the notorious 1969 "notenkrakersactie" (Nutcracker Action) in which a group of activists interrupted a concert by the Concertgebouw Orchestra, demanding an open discussion of music policy (Beer 1994). That same year, Schat contributed, together with the composers Reinbert de Leeuw, Louis Andriessen, Jan van Vlijmen, and Misha Mengelberg, and the writers Harry Mulisch and Hugo Claus, in Reconstructie, a sort of opera, or "morality" theatre work, about the conflict between American imperialism and liberation (Groot 2001). In February 1969 he co-founded the Studio for Electro-Instrumental Music (STEIM) in Amsterdam. Among his most widely noted works are Thema (from 1970) and To You (from 1972). To You was performed at the Holland Festival. The 1970s also brought Schat's most distinctive contribution to 20th century music theory, the "tone clock". It lends its name to a translation of his collected essays, The Tone Clock (Contemporary Music Studies, 1993).
Een Indisch requiem
Composed in:1995
Musical form:free
Text/libretto:Tan Malaka, Jan Eijkelboom and Rudy Kousbroek
Label(s):NM Classics 92133
Een Indisch requiem (An Indonesian requiem) opus 41 (1993-1995) for tenor, mixed choir and orchestra, based on texts by Tan Malakka, Jan Eijkelboom and Rudy Kousbroek. Duration: 40'. Commissioned by the Hague Philharmonic Orchestra.

♫ Een Indisch requiem Part 1
© NM Classics 92133

♫ Een Indisch requiem Part 2
© NM Classics 92133
Een Indisch requiem (An Indonesian requiem) is a large-scale work for orchestra, mixed choir and tenor. It was premičred in 1997 in The Hague, and again ,as part of the Tryptich for our time. Many of my larger works are related to a trip abroad. On escalation and Reconstruction, for instance, had their roots in a trip to Cuba; Houdini to America; Symposion to Russia; De hemel and the Gamelan Symphony to New Zealand, and An Indonesian requiem to Indonesia. All these journeys are described in my book De wereld chromatisch and some of them are translated in The Tone Clock An Indonesian requiem has its roots in what I described (in De wereld chromatisch) as the "awe-inspiringly great, unimaginably beautiful archipelago" of Indonesia. In the summer of 1986 I had the good fortune to travel there in persuit of an old dream: the integration of the gamelan into the 'world-symphony-orchestra'. I was accompagnied by my son Sebastian and my dear friend Stephan Sanders. We made a lot of pictures and recordings from many gamelan groups, and went to gamelan forgeries, because I wanted a Chromatic gamelan to be made. Back home again I published a report of this pilgrimage, which was later collected in my English book The Tone Clock (chapter 15). Of course I had to leave out all the visual and accoustical material I accumulated - I had to wait for this website.
Tan Malaka Ibrahim Datuk (1894 - 1949), an Indonesian communist leader who vied with Sukarno for power.
Jan Eijkelboom (1926), a Dutch poet.
Rudy Kousbroek (1929), a Dutch writer, born in Pemantang Siantar (Sumatra), Indonesia.
Picture Picture Picture
Tan Malaka
Jan Eijkelboom
Rudy Kousbroek